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Everything You Need to Know about Flat Feet and High Arches

Everything You Need to Know about Flat Feet and High Arches

What are Fallen Arches?

Fallen arches is a condition where the sole of the foot completely contacts the ground; there is no significant portion of the arch that is raised. About 20–30% of adults fall into the category of having one or both feet that have never developed arches properly. Children are not born with developed arches; rather, this comes with age.

What Causes Fallen Arches?

  • During activities, tendons may be torn or excessively stretched
  • Inflammation of the posterior tibial tendon which goes along the lower leg to the arch
  • Abnormalities present from birth
  • Normal aging
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Nerve problems

Risk Factors for Fallen Arches

If you’re on your feet all day for your work, or spend a great deal of time in athletic pursuits, there is some risk that you will develop fallen arches due to such use of your feet. Certain conditions increase the risk for developing fallen arches:

  • Broken bones
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • Pregnancy

With significant discomfort involved, you may suspect you’re having issues with fallen arches if you find you are having the following symptoms: 

  • Feet tiring easily
  • Aches and pain in the feet
  • Arch area becomes swollen
  • Standing on your toes is difficult
  • Certain back and leg pain linked to your feet

How are Fallen Arches Treated?

Usually a regimen of rest and ice will reduce any pain or swelling experienced by walking and performing activities with fallen arches. Pain medications can be used as well, such as anti-inflammatories. Some people also can benefit from physical therapy once any swelling is under control.

Orthotic insoles, arch supports, and shoe modifications can also be extremely beneficial in preventing further swelling, allowing you to participate in activities despite fallen arches, and prevent worsening of the condition especially in how the rest of the legs, hips, and back are affected by fallen arches. The correct footwear for your activities is crucial for supporting your entire body.  We recommend checking out our related blog here that covers how orthotic insoles work to make your feet feel better!

What are High Arches?

Another common problem people have with arches is having high arches – arches that are more raised than normal. Some people are simply born with very high arches, and while not everyone with high arches experiences issues, some people do.

High Arch Causes:

Several conditions are associated with having high arches:

  • Cerebral palsy
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease
  • Spina bifida
  • Polio
  • Muscular dystrophy
  • Stroke

High arches can lead to other conditions such as:

  • Plantar fasciitis
  • Metatarsalgia
  • Claw toes
  • Hammer toes
  • Foot and ankle instability

How Are High Arches Treated?

Orthotic inserts help support those with high arches so that issues are minimized, such as pain, pressure, and swelling. Orthotic insoles can be very effective. If pain and swelling does occur, it can be also be treated with ice and anti-inflammatory drugs. Occasionally physical therapy may be necessary, as well. A night brace, which stretches the calf and the arch of the foot, might be recommended.

Similar to the concept of the night splint, plantar fasciitis socks also can help with swelling and pain; they work by compressing the arches of the feet. They provide support as well as increase the blood flow. These socks can be worn overnight to relieve symptoms caused by high arches.

Where to Purchase Treatment Products

Physix Gear Sport is the World Leader in Arch Supports, Plantar Fasciitis Socks, and Orthotic InsertsPhysix Gear has a 100% satisfaction guarantee, so there is no risk and you can click here to browse the best Arch Supports, Plantar Fasciitis Socks, and Orthotic Inserts today - if for some reason they don’t work for you, send them back for a full refund!

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